When driving an electric vehicle (EV), you can charge your battery at home, at the office, at a public charging station and while on the road. To get the most out of your EV, you should familiarize yourself with the different EV Charging Modes available to you.

Mode 2 is the most common AC EV charging method. It is also the most widely used and accessible – you can find it everywhere from domestic outlets (Schuko/CEE) at home, to EV chargers at restaurants and even at gas stations on long journeys. A mode 2 charger has a standard 3-pin plug at one end, a type 1 or type 2 EV connector at the other, and an EVSE controller with built-in current limitation in the middle. The EVSE controller provides functionality like temperature sensing and overcurrent protection to ensure safety during operation.

Another option for charging your EV is a DC fast charger, which offers much faster charging speeds than Level 2 chargers. This is typically used on highways and major routes where a high power supply is required. Depending on the EV model and a DC fast charger, it can take up to 18 minutes to fill an EV battery from 10% to 80% capacity.

Charging management of EV on-the-move mode needs to consider mobility aspects such as trip history, departure and arrival time at the CS, battery state of charge and selection of CS. Existing studies have proposed charging scheduling techniques such as heuristic algorithm, greedy algorithm and ant colony optimization. EV Charging Modes

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